In order to find the prime factors, whose product equals 56, we need to break down 56 into its basic components. Always begin with dividing the number by a prime factor to make the calculation easier. Since we know that 56 is an even number, we can begin with dividing 56 by 2 to break it down.

56 ÷ 2 = 28

We repeat the same with 28 now. Since we know that 28 is divisible by 7 and since 7 is a prime number, we can directly divide 28 by 7.

28 ÷ 7 = 4

Since we know that 4 is a product of 2 times 2, so we can just rewrite it as

4 = 2 × 2

Finally we multiply these prime factors to each other

56 = 2 × 7 × 2 × 2

Thus, giving us the product of prime factors for 56.