french words

If you’re interested in learning French words, you’re in for a treat. The French language is a beautiful one and to learn French words in English is nothing but an absolute pleasure. But do you know how many French words are there? Well, the number is over 200,000 when we talk about the list of English words of French origin. 200,000 is a big number and it’s intimidating especially if you’re a beginner who is looking to learn French words in English for beginners.

But there’s some good news for you! To hold a conversation with someone in French, you only need to know 5% of the total famous French words. So, if you’re just diving into the world of learning to memorize new and old French words, you’ll be surprised to see that after learning only a few French words and phrases you can easily talk to other people in French:

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So, without further ado, let’s get started with the basics and then move on to famous French words and phrases.

Basic French Pronouns

French pronouns include words such as “I”, “he”, “she”, or “you”. We have added “you” twice in the list because in French there are two forms of addressing someone: formally and informally.

  • je – “I”
  • moi – “me”
  • on – “one”
  • vous – “you” (formal)
  • tu – “you” (informal)
  • il – “he”
  • lui – “him, her, it”
  • elle – “she”
  • ça – “it, that”
  • nous – “we”
  • ils and elles – they (ils for males/mixed gender and elles for females)
  • toi – “you” (indirect object)
  • ce, cet, cette – “this” 

French Possessive Pronouns

  • mon, ma, mes – “my”
  • notre, nos– “our”
  • votre, vos – “your” (formal)
  • ton, ta, tes – “your” (informal)
  • leur, leurs – “their”
  • son, sa, ses – “his”, “her”, or “their”

French Question Words

You need to know how to ask questions if you want to get around:

  • quoi – “what”
  • qui – “who”
  • où – “where”
  • comment – “how”
  • quand – “when”
  • pourquoi – “why”

Basic French Interjections

There are only 2 basic French interjections that you need to learn:

  • Oui – “yes”
  • Non – “no”

Basic French Nouns

Do you want to know what are the easiest French nouns? Based on the activities you like, different French nouns are the easiest and most-suited to learn? Depending on word frequency, these are the words that you’ll most probably come across when talking to French people:

  • ici – “here”
  • là – “there”
  • vie – “life”
  • rien – “nothing”
  • fois – “time, times”
  • femme – “woman”
  • homme – “man, person”
  • chose – “thing”
  • père – “father”
  • été – “summer”
  • autre – “other”
  • monde – “world”
  • besoin – “need’
  • quelque – “some, a few, about”
  • peu – “little, not very, bit, few”
  • temps – “time, times, weather, days”
  • veut – “want, wish, will, desire”
  • accord – “agreement, understanding, deal”
  • toute, tout, tous, – “any, all, entire, very, every whole”

Basic French Adverbs and Adjectives 

Looking for basic French adverbs and adjectives? Look no further than our list of 15 basics French adverbs and adjectives:

  • le, la, les – “the”
  • très – “very”
  • y – “there”
  • jamais – “never”
  • ne… pas – “not”
  • même – “same, even”
  • un, une, des – “a, an”
  • bien – “good, well”
  • maintenant – “now”
  • toujours – “always, forever”
  • juste – “just, fair, right”
  • encore – “still, yet, again”
  • plus – “more, most, further, plus”
  • trop – “too, overly, too much”
  • vraiment – “really, truly, genuinely, actually, indeed”

Basic French Connectors and Conjunctions

You need to know conjunctions and connector words if you want to form coherent sentences and speak them smoothly. Even though many connectors have more than one meaning, the one being used can easily be deduced via context:

  • pour – “for*
  • et – “and”
  • sans – “without”
  • mais – “but”
  • alors – “then”
  • ou – “or”
  • à – “to, in, at, with, by”
  • aussi – “also, too, as well”
  • sûr – “sure, certain, safe”
  • dans – “in, into, within, on”
  • en – “in, into, to, of, at”
  • si – “if, whether, so, that, such, as”
  • après – “afterwards, after, following”
  • par – “by, pervia, to, on”
  • avec – “with, along with, together with”
  • chez – “in, among, to, amongst”
  • comme – “since, as, such as”
  • de – “by, to, from, with, at. than, of”
  • avant – ”prior, before, front, forward”
  • que – “that, whether, than, which, what”
  • sur – “on, onto, to, over, about, upon”

Common French Words and Phrases

  • Bonjour and Bonsoir

How do you say hello in French? You use the word “Bonjour” when you want to say hello to someone. It’s also one of the common French words used in English. We often use it casually to greet a friend.

If you think that bonjour doesn’t feel formal, try adding madame or monsieur with the word and you’ll instantly sound more formal. This is extremely useful when you’re talking to your boss.

If it’s a bit late in the day, use bonsoir instead of bonjour as it means good evening,

  • Salut

You know how to say hello to someone, but how do you say hi to a friend in French? The most common French word for that’s “Salut”.

But remember that even though it literally translates to the word “hi”, if you use salut the way you use the word ‘hi’ in English it can be a bit awkward because the French language is more formal than the English language.

In French, you wouldn’t say Salut to a stranger or a seller, unless you’re talking to a child. However, saying bonjour to someone who is a good friend of yours isn’t the best idea as well because it often comes across as distant and cold if used in the wrong kind of setting.

So, we recommend that you should use salut when meeting people you know quite well and bonjour when you meet people who you don’t know and you’re meeting them in a formal setting.

And if you still have doubts about when to use which one, just go with bonjour. It’s better to come across as distant than to be over-friendly. 

  • Enchanté(e)

After you’ve greeted someone by saying bonjour, bonsoir or salut, it’s a nice idea to tell them that you’re pleased to meet them.

Enchanté(e) means nice to meet you. It can do wonders for you if you use it with cordiality and sincerity. You need to use enchanté if you’re a man and use enchantée if you’re a woman. The extra ‘e’ in the brackets represent the gender of the person writing the greeting.

However, you don’t need to fret about the distinction when you’re speaking because no matter if you’re a man or a woman, the pronunciation of this word will remind the same.

  • Au revoir

Are you at a party and it’s already time to go home? Well, then don’t leave without saying goodbye!

Au revoir is the word you need to use. It means goodbye, and you can use it with any person in any situation. You can consider it the goodbye equivalent of bonjour.

  • Merci and De Rien

No matter what language you want to learn, it’s important to know how to say thank you.

And when you want to thank someone for whatever reason in French, you use the word “merci”. You can use this word in any situation, however, if you want to add more nuance then you’ll have to learn other words and phrases.

If you want to say thank you very much in French, use the phrase “Merci beaucoup”.

And if someone else says thanks to you, simply reply with “de rien” as it literally translates to you’re welcome. And if you want to say you’re welcome in a more formal way, say Je vous en prie.

  • Excusez-Moi and Désolé(e)

Moving forward to other words, it’s equally important for you to know how to get someone’s attention and how to say sorry to someone in French

So, if you’ve messed something up or accidentally bumped into someone, apologize to them by saying désolé(e). And if there’s a slow walker in front of you and you want to get that person’s attention, say excusez-moi, which means excuse me, obviously. It is possible to say excuse me is one of the words that are the same in English and French.

Another thing is that if you want someone to repeat themselves because you didn’t understand what they said the first time, you can just say ‘Pardon’ to them.

  • S’il Vous Plaît

‘Please’ is another important word that we use daily. So, how do you say please in French?

You use the phrase S’il vous plaît which simply translates to please. You can use this phrase in almost every situation that you face.

There is an informal version of this phrase as well: s’il te plaît.

  • Saying That You Do Not Speak French (in French) 

As someone who is learning French as a beginner or a foreigner vacationing in France, it’s understandable that you won’t alway understand what French people say to you. You can use the following phrases when talking to someone who is fluent in the language to make your experience easier:

  • Je ne sais pas ( I don’t know) 
  • Je ne comprends pas (I don’t understand) 
  • Parlez-vous anglais ? (do you speak English) 
  • Je parle un peu français literally translates to I speak a little French
  • Pourriez-vous répéter, s’il vous plaît ? (could you repeat please?) 
  • Comment dit-on _____ en français ? (how do you say….in French?) 

Asking for Information in French

When you’re on a trip to France there are going to be situations where you’ll have to ask someone for some information. For instance, you want to know the wifi-password of a cafe. These phrases will help you:

  • Quel est le mot de passe du wifi means what is the wifi password
  • Combien ça coûte? (how much does it cost?)
  • Où est/où sont ? (where is/are?)
  • Est-ce que vous pouvez m’aider? (can you help me?)

And if you ask someone for directions, these phrases will help you understand the directions the other person is giving to you in French:

  • À côté de (next to) 
  • À droite (on the right) 
  • C’est loin (it’s far) 
  • À gauche (on the left)
  • Près de (near) 
  • Tout droit (straight ahead) 

How to Order Food in French

Many restaurants in France usually have an English menu for foreigners but such restaurants are rarely the best choice if you want to get authentic French cuisine. Here are some phrases that will help you find your way at a restaurant in France:

  • Je voudrais… (I would like…) 
  • La carte, s’il vous plaît (the menu please) 
  • Sur place ou à emporter ? (to eat here or to take out?) 
  • Un… s’il vous plait (a…please)  
  • L’addition s’il vous plaît (the bill please) 

More Important French Words and Phrases

Here are some more miscellaneous French words and phrases for you to memorize:

  • Fille = Girl 
  • Garçon = Boy 
  • Bonne Nuit = Good night 
  • Amour = Love 
  • Monde = World 
  • Chien = Dog
  • Temps = Time 
  • Raison = Reason
  • Fort = Strong
  • Jour = Day 
  • Belle = Beautiful 
  • Beau = Handsome
  • Chat = Cat

Now, look at some phrases:

  • Quelle heure est-il?= What time is it? 
  • Je suis désolé(e)= I’m sorry
  • Comment allez-vous?= How are you doing? 
  • Comment vous appelez-vous?= What is your name? 
  • Combien ça coûte?= How much is this?
  • Je m’appelle= My name is 


While this isn’t the complete list of all the French words in English for beginners, it certainly has all the French words that you need to know. Use this guide as a primer to begin your French lessons that cover everything from English words that come from French to common French words used in English. We wish you the best of luck!

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