Human body is made up of multiple polymers such as carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids.
There are two distinct types of nucleic acids
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA ribonucleic acid
Both of them are more or less similar and are made up of similar monomers known as nucleotides
Nucleotides consist of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar and phosphate group.
Phosphate group is the same in both DNA and RNA however there are few differences in other components.
There are two types of nitrogenous bases: purines and pyrimidines.
Purines are the same for RNA and DNA i.e. Adenine and guanine
Pyrimidines include Cytosine and thymine in the case of RNA instead of thymine as uracil.
Adenine pairs with thymine in DNA but pairs with Uracil in RNA
DNA is double stranded however RNA is single stranded.
DNA and RNA both has pentose sugar however in DNA sugar is deoxyribose and in RNA is Ribose
DNA is more stable as compared to RNA.therefore RNA is more prone to damage as compared to DNA.