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Questions & Answers

How should I structure an analytical essay?

Structuring an essay well would turn out to be very productive for any exam, so it’s extremely important!

The essays are divided into three parts mainly:

Introduction: Offers the background to the main title of the essay while guiding the reader toward the main academic question/problem that the writer would mainly be dealing through the text. Such academic question/problem should be precisely laid out in the form of the thesis statement/claim, that tells what the writer would be exactly talking about/arguing for in the rest of the essay)

Body Paragraphs: These paragraphs exist to make sub-arguments to support the main argument put forward through the thesis statement/claim. Each paragraph should deal with a different aspect of the main argument. For instance, in the essay analyzing the question of children’s safety it could be argued that:

  • Body Paragraph 1: Children should be protected as it’s the parent’s duty to do so

  • Body Paragraph 2: Children should be protected as the crime rate is rising

  • Body Paragraph 3: Children should be protected as they are more vulnerable to harm by others.

There also exists a particular way in which all these arguments should be made. The body paragraphs should be structured in a very organized manner; following the PEEL structure should help in this regard.

P: Mention the point.

E: Add some evidence.

E: Add explanation.

L: Link it back to the main topic.

For instance, for the same topic about the question of children’s safety, one of the body paragraphs could be arguing that since the crime rate has risen, children at all times should be escorted by their parents everywhere they go. Now, according to the PEEL method, this main point of the paragraph should be mentioned in the very first line of it (this first sentence is also known as the topic sentence), in order to ensure that the reader has a clear idea of what the writer has planned to discuss in that particular paragraph. Secondly, the writer should not expect the reader to simply take his/her word and believe it (that would account for a weak argument!). In order to strengthen the argument, the writer should instead give evidence immediately after the first sentence to ensure that the reader has the justification that boosts the argument’s validity. Any statistics, figures, percentages etc. could be mentioned to show that the crime rate is rising. Thirdly, the writer must explain the point in the light of the evidence further. And lastly, this entire theme in the body paragraph should be linked back to the main claim of the essay. This way, the writer would always stay in line with the main argument that has been initially made as a thesis statement.

Conclusion: This last part of the essay should sum up whatever the writer has spoken about throughout the entire essay. One should simply bring all the points together to reiterate the main point of the text in this part, without bringing in/introducing any new point.

While having the knowledge of the main parts, it would also be at the same time important for the writer to be aware of the sub-parts of the essay (for instance, the introduction paragraph consisting of the introductory note, background and the claim). 

Apart from these parts and sub-parts, knowledge of diction, syntax, literary devices, figures of speech etc. is required to do justice to your thoughts and ideas while putting pen to paper. Feel free to set up a one-on-one meeting with us in order to benefit from customized sessions that would explain the concepts in a detailed manner, while following the pace that happens to be the most appropriate for you!

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